A Roadmap to Online Instructional Development: Well-Designed Goals and Objectives Make A Difference
Concurrent Session 1
Just like face to face courses, successful online courses start with effective instructional planning for overall design and outcomes. This workshop will provide a hands-on experience on how to write goals and objectives in the three domains of learning (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor) for a subject specific online curriculum/course.
Upon successful completion of the workshop, participants will be able to:
- Construct learning objectives in the three domains of learning (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor) for a subject specific curriculum or a course using Bloom’s Taxonomy
- Identify the essential elements of goal and objective statements to make online course activities more effective, unified, and coherent
- Write clear and measurable objectives that are consistent with the goals of an online program, curriculum and other educational activities using the ABCD model and SMART framework
Just like face to face courses, successful online courses start with effective instructional planning for overall design and outcomes. By identifying course goals and learning objectives, we can achieve a clear picture of how to best design a focused and engaging course. In other words, goals and objectives provide a useful framework for structuring learning as well as help us in the selection of teaching strategies, design of assessment, and evaluation of the effectiveness of a curriculum or an educational program. Goals provide an instructional roadmap that establishes where we intend to go in a course or a program whereas objectives are specific steps we need to take in order to reach each of our goals. Clearly written goals and objectives make program activities more effective, unified, and coherent for a better alignment with the program mission. However, writing efficient and appropriate goals and objectives is not an easy task, and many educators, including online instructors either confuse or overlook the importance of this step in the preparation of educational encounters. Knowledge deficiency in this area directly affects the course design such as shaping the learning materials, activities, and assessments, including the learning outcomes.
Determining what skills are important for our learners to master is our major responsibility as online instructors or educators. Therefore, it is essential to consider what we want our students to achieve at the conclusion of our online course. This workshop will provide a hands-on experience on how to write goals and objectives in the three domains of learning (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor) for a subject specific online curriculum or a course content, teaching strategies, and assessment methods that are appropriate for the educational purpose. The workshop will provide participants with practice opportunities to illustrate the difference between goals and objectives. Bloom’s Taxonomy will be instrumental to explain the three domains of learning. The four parts of ABCD model (Audience, Behavior, Condition, Degree) and the SMART framework (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-framed) will be illustrated through practicing real examples. The workshop will address the most common errors/mistakes in writing goals and objectives. Participants will leave this workshop with the knowledge and tools (templates, objective appraisal checklists) that they can implement immediately in their online course design once they return to their home institutions.
Workshop Agenda (45 Minutes)
Step 1 (5minutes): Welcome/Introductions/Agenda
Step 2 (5 minutes): Icebreaker-Quick Knowledge Test
- Define goals and objectives (cognitive, affective, and psychomotor)
Step 3 (10 minutes): Interactive Didactic Presentation
- Introduce Bloom’s Taxonomy, the ABCD model and SMART framework for writing objectives
- Steps towards writing effective goals and learning objectives
- Most common errors/mistakes in writing objectives
- Objective Builder (demonstration)
Step 4 (20 minutes): Small Group Hands-On Activity - Constructing Your Objectives
- Select a topic or content (A template will be provided)
- Using the Blooms’ Taxonomy, write goals and objectives (Ask yourself “what knowledge, skills and attitudes do my learners need to acquire in order to accomplish the overall goal of the course?)
- Use the ABCD model/SMART framework to evaluate the objectives
- Appraise goals and objectives for a possible revision (A checklist will be provided.)
- Use feedback to revise/edit objectives
- Share the written goals and objectives with the rest of the groups
Step 5 (5 minutes): Wrap up
- Key takeaways and intended application after the workshop.