E-learning Model in Educational Institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina
E-learning is a type of learning by using electronic technologies to access an educational program outside of a traditional classroom. As conventional classrooms continue to be transformed into digital, it is necessary for teachers to deliver lectures through multiple learning modes. Digitally enriched content and personal learning should be the primary way of teaching, as well as collaborative and interactive learning. The paper deals with issues of education in a virtual environment, the role of virtual reality and artificial intelligence that is increasingly entering the classrooms of developed countries. The paper explores what application of artificial intelligence in the near future means for the development and wider application of electronic learning in virtual classrooms around the world, as well as in developing countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina. The paper presents the advantages and opportunities that contribute to the improvement of e-learning in educational institutions and the benefits for students and other involved parties in the educational process, such as teachers and parents.
The survey provides an analysis of the potential of e-learning implementation in secondary schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the ability to define and create a national e-learning strategy. The questions were focused on determining the necessary information for creating the adoption of e-learning model in secondary schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and respondents were pupils aged 16-19, both sexes. The questionnaire was developed from an extensive review of literature and previously used similar instruments. The majority of closed questions consisted of five points of structured assertions of the Likert interval scale. It is important to emphasize that students enrolled in this research have a highly positive attitude towards e-learning, which leads to the conclusion that students are willing to learn using IT solutions in the classroom. The organization of electronic subjects enables students to access content and fulfill tasks according to their own time organization. Most students use the Internet every day and communicate with the social network, which certainly contributes to their readiness to accept new IT solutions in the teaching process. Therefore, the differences in attitude towards e-learning are also related to the purpose and frequency of using the Internet The results of the survey show that VLE increases the opportunities for discussion and debate among students outside the class, so we see that as many as 71% of students participated in the survey say they agree with the claim that VLE provides students with flexibility in terms of their educational needs (offering access to materials always and anywhere - allowing them to study when they have time), gives them the opportunity to access a variety of content that they do not have access to, and more time working on materials to improve their results, which is considered useful because they have more time to think in terms of synchronous communication. Students learn how to use information as well as educational materials online, access the same content as any other students in the world access who are not restricted by the national curriculum which is not necessarily adapted to constant changes that require regular adjustments to constant changes in business environment, adaptability, possessing skills and knowledge in the use of communication tools and software that have become standards in the digital age. Many technologies used in asynchronous e-learning also allow two-way communication between learners and teachers, or multi-modal, collaborative communication among students themselves. VLE increases the scope of students' work is an assertion with which as many as 55.8% of respondents agree. Thanks to online learning, students in the poorest cities or smaller towns can use the same educational resources as students in world capitals and large western cities, all thanks to online lectures at affordable rates. The e-Learning Initiative implies ensuring the right to education and reducing costs to such an extent that it becomes accessible to the developing country and countries in transition, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina is. Adopting e-learning model in the education system in Bosnia is conditioned by factors such as selecting an appropriate online e-learning platform that will offer all the necessary tools for eLearning and create a virtual learning environment that will allow students to easily access content and communicate with teachers and with other students. This will then affect the degree to which e-learning reaches its full potential. It is important to define clear goals and steps in the strategic planning process for e-learning implementation.