Board of Directors
Joel L. Hartman , OLC Board President, is Vice Provost for Information Technologies and Resources at the University of Central Florida in Orlando. As the university’s CIO, he has overall responsibility for library, computing, networking, telecommunications, media services, and distributed learning activities. Hartman was employed by Bradley University from 1967 to 1995, holding several information technology management positions, including CIO.
Hartman has been an active author, and presenter at industry conferences. He previously served as treasurer and 2003 Chair of the EDUCAUSE Board of Directors, chair of the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI) Advisory Committee, secretary of the Seminars on Academic Computing Coordinating Board, and a member of the Florida Digital Divide Council. Hartman currently serves on the Microsoft Higher Education Advisory Group, the Oracle Education & Research Industry Strategy Council, and is Chairman of the Board of Directors of Florida LambdaRail. Hartman will receive the 2008 EDUCAUSE Leadership Award at the association’s annual conference in October.
Hartman has been an information technology consultant to both public and private sector organizations, and has been active in the development of statewide education and research networks in Illinois and Florida. He has served and held offices on numerous state, regional, and national IT committees in areas including public broadcasting, distributed learning, and networking.
Hartman graduated from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, with bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Journalism and Communications, and received his doctorate from the University of Central Florida.
Meg Benke serves as Professor, Empire State College
Dr. Benke has been a leader in online learning for 25 years. Prior to her current appointment, Benke held the position of Acting President and Provost of Empire State College. of As executive officer, Benke is responsible for more than 35 locations throughout the state, eight international locations, 20,000 students, 63,000 alumni, more than 1,700 employees and an annual all-funds budget of $90 million. Prior to her current appointment, Benke was provost and vice president for academic affairs, where she oversaw the academic enterprise of the college. Benke first joined the college in 1991 and has advanced her leadership roles by focusing on collegewide programs and initiatives such as prior-learning assessment, online education and blended-learning programs.
During her tenure as dean, she worked to build the college’s Center for Distance Learning into the largest provider of online courses within the 64-campus SUNY system and one of the nation’s foremost and innovative systems for online learning and education.
Benke has taught in the areas of human systems and behavior, performance measurement, learning organizations, organizational change and training and adult education in both the graduate and undergraduate programs of the college.
She is past president of the board of directors for the Sloan Consortium and was honored by the board in October 2010 by being named to its inaugural class of Sloan-C Fellows for her distinguished service and leadership in the field of online education. In 2007, she was recognized with the Most Outstanding Achievement in Online Learning by an Individual.
Benke was elected a commissioner of the Middle States Commission on Higher Education and serves on the Blue Ribbon National Commission on Regulation of Postsecondary Education, which was formed by the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities and the State Higher Education Executive Officers Association.
Benke co-authored the chapter, "SUNY Empire State College: A Game Changer in Open Education," for the book “Game Changers: Education and Information Technologies,” published by EDUCAUSE, and is the co-author of a book on leadership in distance learning published this fall. In addition to Benke’s recognition by Sloan-C, her other awards include Outstanding Administrator from Ohio University and Outstanding New Professional by the Ohio College Personnel Association.
Benke holds a Ph.D. in student personnel from Ohio University and a Bachelor of Science in business from Youngstown State University. Benke serves on the board of directors for the Girl Scouts of Northeastern New York.
After finishing her doctorate in Classical Archaeology at Brown University and her BA in Classical Archaeology at University of Michigan, Catheryn Cheal taught art history at California State University, Northridge from 1981 to 2004. She has numerous publications in her original field of ancient art and a book chapter, entitled "The Meaning Of Skin Color in Eighteenth Dynasty Egyptian Painting" was published by African World Press in Dec. 2004. She created and directed the Office of Online Instruction at CSUN for four years, which trained and mentored faculty, campus-wide, in teaching with technology. She moved to Oakland University, Michigan as Assistant Vice President of e-Learning and Instructional Support in 2004 to facilitate the creation of online courses and programs and manage all technology for teaching. A book chapter entitled, "A Taxonomy Showing Relationships between Digital Learning Objects and Instructional Design" was published in Summer 2006 by Informing Science Press and an article, “Second Life-Hype or Hyperlearning” in On the Horizon, Fall 2007. A chapter on “Implications of Open Source E-Portfolios” was published in The e-Portfolio Paradigm by Informing Science Press in 2010. She is currently editing a book on social media in Higher Education for Informing Science Press.
Dr. David R. Cillay is the assistant vice provost for academic affairs and executive director of Washington State University’s Global Campus. As part of his role , he oversees WSU’s online degree program, the digital academy, global campus connections, eLearning services, and the conferences management unit. Dr. Cillay is nationally known as an expert in the field of instructional design and elearning. He has been published in journals and textbooks, and has presented at national and international conferences.
He started at the Center for Distance and Professional Education in 2003 as director of instructional development and technology and has been responsible for the design, development, and maintenance of online courses/programs scheduled for delivery through CDPE. Under his leadership CDPE evolved into the Global Campus—the fifth campus in the WSU system. He also has instructed and managed a graduate program in instructional design. Dr. Cillay’s academic background includes leadership roles at WSU’s Educational Telecommunications and Technology unit and at Lower Columbia College. He held faculty appointments at WSU, University of Idaho, and Lower Columbia College. Dr. Cillay holds a Ph.D. in educational leadership from WS.
Marie A. Cini is the acting provost and chief academic officer at UMUC, after most recently serving as vice president and dean of the School of Undergraduate Studies at UMUC since 2008. She also serves on the Sloan-C Board.
Cini has over 20 years of experience with various facets of adult and distance education, with experience in scalable, high quality program offerings.
Right before joining UMUC, she held the positions of Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs and Interim Dean of the School of Management at City University of Seattle in WA. In these positions, she led several major change initiatives in Academic Affairs. Cini also served as the Accreditation Liaison Officer for the University.
Cini has published and presented on the topics of authentic assessment and academic integrity, leadership development in adult learners, retention and adult learners, group newcomers and innovation, and program development across cultures. As an early adopter of online education, Dr. Cini continues to be interested in learning outside of the traditional classroom space. She earned her doctorate in social psychology from the University of Pittsburgh in 1994, where she also served as a research assistant in the Learning Research and Development Center.
Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen is the Associate Vice Provost at the University of Rochester where he provides leadership and services that support the academic and research missions of the university. Program areas include the Educational Technology Center, Classroom Technology, Web Services, the Center for Integrated Research Computing, and the University IT Center that supports faculty, staff and students.
Prior to the University of Rochester, Eric served as the Director of Academic Technology & Media Services at Cornell University. As a senior manager in Cornell Information Technologies, he helped craft Cornell's presence and direction in the use of contemporary technologies to support research, outreach, and teaching & learning both in and out of the classroom. His responsibilities included the Academic Technologies, Classroom Technologies, the Web Production Group and the Educational Television Center.
Before Cornell, Eric was the Assistant Provost for Advanced Learning Technology in the Office of the Provost in the State University of New York System Administration where he provided leadership and direction for all of SUNY's system-wide programs focused on the innovative use of technology to support teaching and learning. This included the nationally recognized SUNY Learning Network - winner of the EDUCAUSE Award for Systemic Progress in Teaching and Learning and Sloan-C Awards for Excellence in Faculty Development and Excellence in Institution-wide Online programming. It also included the SUNY Teaching Learning & Technology program and Project MERLOT, which were designed to complement the classroom with technology-supported instruction.
Eric is active in national efforts, including the Sloan Consortium, EDUCAUSE, and the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative. He was also Program Chair of the 2012 Sloan-C International Conference on Online Learning and previously served as Chair of the Sloan-C Awards Program for Excellence in Online Teaching and Learning. He also serves on the Advisory Board for Enterprise Learning at NYU.
Eric received his Bachelors degree in Mathematics from Hobart College, his MBA from the William Simon Graduate School of Business at the University of Rochester, his Master of Science in Education in Curriculum Development & Instructional Technology at the Graduate School of Education at the University at Albany (earned entirely online), and his doctorate in Education, concentrating in Educational Leadership in Higher Education, at the Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development at the University of Rochester. He currently teaches in the classroom for the Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development at the University of Rochester in the Department of Educational Leadership and online for the Department of Educational Theory and Practice in the Graduate School of Education at the University at Albany.
Ralph E. Gomory, Sr. Advisor to the Sloan-C Board of Directors, became the President of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation in 1989 after a long and distinguished career at IBM. During his tenure as President, he led the Sloan Foundation into numerous fields relevant to major national issues. The Foundation supported pioneering work in the field of online learning before there was even a public Internet, and then supported its growth so that by 2009, more than 3.9 million people were enrolled annually in online courses in higher education in the United States. He was instrumental in the conception of the Sloan Consortium (Sloan-C). In December 2007, Gomory became President Emeritus of the Sloan Foundation. Dr. Gomory is Senior Advisor to the Board of Directors.
Dr. Kenneth E. Hartman is a Senior Fellow and Principal Analyst at Eduventures, having served the past 30-years as a university professor, senior academic administrator, and consultant at several leading universities. Most recently, Dr. Hartman served as president of Drexel University Online, a for-profit subsidiary of Drexel University, where he was responsible for the overall operational and fiscal performance of a multi-million dollar company serving nearly 8,000 online adult learners in over 100 fully online degree programs.
Dr. Hartman has served in leadership roles at every level of education, including over a decade as a regional executive with The College Board. In 2007, Dr. Hartman was elected to the Board of Education of the Cherry Hill Public Schools (NJ), where he chaired the Board’s Curriculum and Instruction Committee.
Dr. Hartman has designed and taught graduate-level online courses within Drexel University’s School of Education, earning the 2006 Drexel School of Education’s Faculty Fellow and Associate Award. Other recent awards include: 2011 Excellence in Education Award from State University of NY at Geneseo, 2008 Leadership in Distance Learning Program Administration Award from the United States Distance Learning Association, and 2007 Penn Educator of the Year Award from The University of Pennsylvania. He was appointed by the United States Distance Learning Association to serve as their national director for “National Distance Learning Week” from 2007 to 2009.
He is the author of numerous trade and scholarly publications (including the Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks) related to educational technology, and is an active presenter at industry conferences. Formerly, a syndicated newspaper columnist, television talk show host and commissioned officer in the United States Army.
Dr. Hartman founded and currently serves as president of “Our Community Salutes”, a national non-profit 501(C-3) organization, that assist local communities in planning an OCS Ceremony to recognize and honor their high school seniors (and their parents) who planned to enlist in the military after graduation: http://www.OurCommunitySalutes.org
Dr. Hartman holds an undergraduate degree from The State University of New York at Geneseo, a master's degree from Michigan State University, and a doctorate degree from the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. Cassandra P. Herring holds the Doctor of Philosophy degree in Educational Policy from Georgia State University and the Bachelor of Arts and Master of Science degrees in Organizational Communication from the University of Texas at Austin. Prior to coming to Hampton University, she served as Associate State Superintendent for Policy and External Affairs for the Georgia Department of Education. Dr. Herring is an accomplished researcher and policy analyst. She has served in leadership roles at every level of education, including Head Start, pre-kindergarten programs, PK-12 public education, higher education, adult learning, and programs for senior citizens. She has led online education effort in various educational environments, from a modest sized historically black college to a state system of higher education.
Stephen J. Laster was appointed chief digital officer of McGraw-Hill Education in August 2012. He is responsible for creating compelling student experiences, and developing breakthrough teaching and learning solutions. Prior to joining McGraw-Hill Education, he led Intelligent Solutions, LLC, a firm that engages with universities and businesses to leverage their digital technology and collaborative tools. At the same time, he served as the chief information and technology officer of the Harvard Business School and as a member of the HBS administrative leadership team, overseeing the school’s academic, research and administrative computing teams.
A. Frank Mayadas, Ph.D. At the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Dr. Mayadas is involved in a number of areas: online education, globalization of industries, industry studies, and career choice in technical fields. He started the Sloan online learning program in 1993. This program (known as Asynchronous Learning Networks or ALN) has had a profound impact in moving the field forward. Members of the Sloan Consortium now number over 1400. Dr. Mayadas has been a keynote speaker at several distance education conferences and has testified before Congress on web-based learning.
Dr. Robbie K. Melton is the Associate Vice Chancellor (AVC) of eLearning (www.tbrelearning.org) and a full tenured professor at Tennessee State University. Her chief responsibilities as the AVC include eLearning Strategic Planning, educational technology innovations, eLearning quality assurances and the facilitation of eLearning system wide conferences, academies, and training. Dr. Melton previously served ten years as the Associate Vice Chancellor for the Regents Online Campus Collaborative (www.rodp.org), which included program conceptualization, strategic planning, program implementation, central operations, training, course development, online teaching, and accreditation. She has authored numerous publications and presentations related to eLearning, and served as program consultant for Mekelle University, Ethiopia, and Hirosaki University, Japan. Dr. Melton received numerous teaching and technology awards including Tennessee Professor of the Year presented by the Carnegie Foundation of Teaching and Council for Advancement and Support of Education (1994), Outstanding Teaching Alumni Award from The University of Tennessee (1966), Outstanding Professor and University Services at Winthrop College, Zenith Master of Innovations Award, and the South Central Bell Award for Outstanding Teaching Using Emerging Technologies, most recently, (2010), program reviewer for online graduate degrees for the National Education Association (NEA), the Distinguished Partner Award from the Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning (MERLOT) and Online Teaching and the IMS Global Technology Solutions Leadership Award.
Burks Oakley II, Sr. Advisor to the Sloan-C Board of Directors, is Scholar in Residence at the Center for Online Learning, Research and Service (COLRS) and a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). From 1997 until 2007, Oakley was the Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs at the University of Illinois. In that capacity, he served as the founding director of the University of Illinois Online initiative, a program designed to facilitate the development and delivery of University of Illinois courses and degrees over the Internet.
Through his innovative use of educational technologies and the Internet in teaching, Professor Oakley has earned a national reputation as a practitioner and promoter of online learning. In the past six years, he has given more than two hundred invited talks at national conferences and on university campuses. He has been the principal investigator (PI) or co-PI on over $10 million in grants (including matching funds) to the University of Illinois in support of online educational initiatives.
Oakley received his B.S. degree from Northwestern University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Michigan. He has received numerous awards for his teaching and for his innovative use of technology in education, including the Luckman Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching Award from UIUC in 1993, the Outstanding Teacher Award from the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) in 1993, the Educom Medal in 1996, the Educational Activities Board Major Educational Innovation Award from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) in 1996, the Third Millennium Medal from the IEEE in 2000, the Engineering Alumni Society Merit Award from the University of Michigan in 2003, and the Sloan-C Award for the “Most Outstanding Achievement in Online Teaching and Learning by an Individual” in 2003. Oakley is a Fellow of the IEEE, a Fellow of the ASEE, and a former Vice President of the ASEE.
Dr. Anthony G. Picciano is a Professor and Executive Officer for the Ph.D. Program in Urban Education at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). He is also a member of the faculty in the Education Leadership Program at Hunter College, the doctoral program in Interactive Pedagogy and Technology at the Graduate Center, and the CUNY Online BA Program in Communication and Culture. He has forty years of experience in higher education administration and teaching and has served as a director of computer services, dean, vice president, and deputy to the president at CUNY and SUNY colleges. He has been involved in a number of major grants from the U.S. Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, IBM, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. In 1998, Dr. Picciano co-founded CUNY Online, a multi-million dollar initiative funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation that provides support services to faculty developing online and blended learning courses. In 2006, Dr. Picciano was part of the faculty group to design the first fully online BA program in CUNY. He currently serves as a representative of the president of the Graduate Center on the CUNY School of Professional Studies Governance Board.
Dr. Picciano’s major research interests are school leadership, policy, Internet-based teaching and learning, and multimedia instructional models. He has authored numerous articles and eight books including Data-Driven Decision Making for Effective School Leadership (2006, Pearson), Educational Leadership and Planning for Technology, 4th Edition (2005, Pearson), Distance Learning: Making Connections across Virtual Space and Time (2001, Pearson), and Educational Research Primer (2004, Continuum). His latest book was co-edited with Chuck Dziuban (University of Central Florida) and is entitled, Blended Learning: Research Perspectives (2007, Sloan Consortium). Dr. Picciano also recently finished a national study with Jeff Seaman (Babson College Survey Research Group) on the extent and nature of online learning in American school districts. It was the first study to collect data on and compare fully online and blended learning in K-12 schools. In 2007, Dr. Picciano served as a guest editor for an edition of the Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks (JALN) dedicated to research in online learning in K-12 environments. Most recently, he also guest edited a special edition of JALN dedicated to blended learning.
Dr. Picciano has been on the Board of Directors of the Sloan Consortium since 2001. His activities have included serving on the planning committees for the Annual Conference (2001–2008), the Annual Workshop on Blended Learning (2003–2008), and the Symposium on Emerging Technologies (2008). He has also served as the project director for the Consortium’s Interpenetration Grant Activities. Lastly, he has been an associate editor of JALN since 2002.
Janet Poley is CEO and President of the American Distance Education Consortium (ADEC). She develops collaborative distance education initiatives and conducts research and education programs related to technology access and applications with more than 60 land-grant university members and international affiliates. She is in the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame and on its Board of Directors and Treasurer; is a Board member and Treasurer of Sloan-C; is member of the Creighton University Health Sciences Distance Education Advisory Board and is a member of the Board of Advisors for Zamorano University in Honduras.
Dr. Poley received the Mildred B. and Charles A. Wedemeyer Award for Outstanding Practitioner in Distance Education in 2000. She served as principal investigator on a $5 million National Science Foundation grant for advanced networking and applications including work on distance education and digital libraries in China. She was a Co-PI on an NSF start-up program in Human Language Technology – a collaboration between U.S. and Moroccan institutions. She manages the USDA funded Agricultural Telecommunications Program; manages a cooperative agreement with the National Agricultural Library (NAL) of USDA and the Universidad de Concepcion (UDEC) in Chile; is the chair of the NAL AgNIC Board of Directors; and has received several Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and U.S. Department of Commerce grants.
Dr. Poley serves on the Editorial Board for the American Journal of Distance Education; is a liaison to the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges (NASULGC); was a member of the Penn State Advisory Board to the World Campus Initiative; was a member of the Great Plains Network Advisory Committee; and is a special member of the University of Maryland Eastern Shore Graduate Faculty. She is a professor in the College of Journalism and the Institute of Agricultural and Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. While Director for Communication, Information and Technology (CIT) at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), she served on the NSF Networking Council focusing on education and outreach. In 1994, she was named by Federal Computer Week as one of the 100 outstanding information technology leaders in government, business and academia. She has worked in more than 40 countries, serving six years in Tanzania and received the Excalibur Award from the U.S. Congress for that work.
Dr. Poley is the author of a number of journal articles, book chapters and presentations on information technology and distance learning and currently authoring a book titled “Building an Inclusive Future for Learning: A Practical Guide for Campuses and Communities”.
Dr. Peter Shea is Associate Provost for Online Learning and Associate Professor of Education with a joint appointment in the College of Computing and Information at the University at Albany, SUNY. His research focuses on technology-mediated teaching and learning in higher education. He is the author of more than 50 articles, book chapters, and other publications on the topic of online learning and co-author of the book "The Successful Distance Learning Student”. He has overseen more than $2 million in external funding for his recent research with significant support from the US Department of Education, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the State University of New York System Office.
Previously Dr. Shea was the Director of the SUNY Learning Network, the online education system for the 64 colleges of the State University of New York. In that role he led a team responsible for faculty development, student support, and technology infrastructure for the state-wide system serving more than 100,000 online enrollments per year. Dr. Shea has also served as manager of the SUNY Teaching, Learning, and Technology Program and Project Director for SUNY's participation in the Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching.
He is a recipient or co-recipient of several national awards and honors including the EDUCAUSE Award for Systemic Progress in Teaching and Learning for the State University of New York, and Sloan Consortium Awards for Excellence in Faculty Development and Asynchronous Learning Networks Programs. He was named a Sloan-C Fellow in 2011.
Wayne Smutz is Executive Director of the World Campus and Associate Vice President for Academic Outreach at Penn State. In these roles, he oversees all credit programs (70+ degrees and certificates) offered through Penn State Outreach whether online, face-to-face, via video, or in blended modes. The World Campus reaches learners in all fifty states and seventy countries. Dr. Smutz embraces a learner-centric approach with a focus on enhancing access to quality educational programs. He is committed to using technology within the online educational context to address such pressing challenges as retention and success, effective student support, student engagement, the costs of higher education, the value and outcomes of in-class and out-of-class learning experiences, and the critical elements of a college education in the 21st century. He has been instrumental in enhancing the visibility of the World Campus at Penn State by strengthening relationships with academic colleges. Attending to the continuing evolution of the World Campus, he is currently dedicated to creating an organizational culture of authenticity and empowerment. Dr. Smutz serves on the boards of the University Professional and Continuing Education Association, the American Distance Education Consortium, and the National Observatory for Cross Border Education. He received a B.A. in history from the University of California, Berkeley, an M.A. in political philosophy and a Ph.D. in higher education both from Penn State.
Karen Swan is the James J. Stukel Distinguished Professor of Educational Leadership and a Research Associate in the Center for Online Learning, Research, & Service (COLRS) at the University of Illinois Springfield. Karen’s research has been in the general area of electronic media and learning for the 25 years since she received her doctorate from Teachers College, Columbia University. Her current research interests center on online learning Karen has authored over 125 journal articles and book chapters, produced several hypermedia programs, and co-edited two books on educational technology topics. She has directed projects funded by the National Science Foundation, the US Department of Education and the New York City Board of Education, as well as several corporate foundations, and is currently involved in WCET’s Predictive Analytics Reporting Project and ACE’s MOOCs as Game Changers Projects. Karen is the Special Issues Editor for the Journal of Educational Computing Research, and serves on the review boards and/or steering committees for many educational technology journals and conferences, and is the Chair of the American Educational Research Association’s Special Interest Group on Online Teaching and Learning. She is on the Sloan-C Board of Directors and the steering committees for the Blended Learning and Online Learning conferences. Karen was awarded the Sloan-C award for Most Outstanding Achievement in Online Learning by an Individual in 2006 and was inducted into the inaugural group of Sloan-C Fellows in 2010. In 2010 she also was given the Distinguished Alumni award by her alma mater.
|Robert Ubell is Vice President of Enterprise Learning at NYU Polytechnic Institute, where he heads the school’s e-learning unit, NYU-ePoly, in addition to its corporate training division, Enterprise Learning. Earlier, he launched WebCampus, award-winning e-learning program at Stevens Institute of Technology. Recipient of the Sloan prize as the best online program in the nation, with more than 25,000 enrollments, it generated more than $60 million. Ubell also administered Stevens’ blended learning China program in Beijing. In his publishing career, Ubell was vice-president and editor-in-chief of Plenum Publishing Corporation, editor of the National Magazine Award-winning monthly, The Sciences, and American publisher of the premier British science weekly, Nature. He was also founding publisher of Nature Biotechnology. For a decade, Ubell was head of his own print and e-publishing consulting firm, Robert Ubell Associates, representing dozens of publishers, professional societies, and noted scientists and engineers, including several Nobel Prize winners. He is the author or editor of six books and more than 50 scholarly articles. His latest work, Virtual Teamwork, will be published by John Wiley & Sons in May and his commentary on the value of e-learning, “Dewey Goes Online,” appeared in Educause Quarterly in December. Ubell, who has participated in numerous corporate and nonprofit boards, currently serves as vice president of the Board of the Parkinson's Unity Walk Foundation and is on the Sloan-C Annual Conference Steering Committee as well as the Online Learning Advisory Board of Borough of Manhattan Community College. He is also Chair of eLearning for ASTD’s New York Metro branch. Recipient of more than $1 million in funding from Sloan, NSF and other sources, he received his undergraduate degree from Brooklyn College and has been a guest lecturer at MIT and Columbia's College of Physicians & Surgeons. |